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Disorders of Balance

head_migraine

Disorders of Balance and Chiropractic

Who has not already suffered from a feeling of imbalance during his life? Whether as a result of a strong emotion, after lifting a little too fast or during an illness, dizziness and dizziness can suddenly appear and affect most of us. They are an important cause of falls, especially in the elderly, as well as mild to severe disabilities. Dizziness is a feeling of instability (as if the floor begins to move) or a slight head feeling, whereas dizziness involves a feeling of circular motion, that is, Or the environment seems to revolve around us. They may be associated with various other symptoms: headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, etc.
Normally, we can maintain our balance through three systems in our body that send relevant information to the brain to situate us in our environment.

1) The vision :  our eyes send to the brain images that indicate the position of objects around us and our own position in relation to our surroundings.
2) The vestibular system :  it consists of a bony portion embedded in the ear, the labyrinth, which also sends information to the brain through the nervous system. In the labyrinth, there is a very sensitive region that captures our movements. When you move your head, it triggers a nervous signal that goes to the brain and informs it of the movement in progress, prompting us to activate the right muscles in order to maintain our balance.
3) proprioception :  these nervous information from muscles and joints. When one of our legs rises to the side or we bend our body forward, full of small receptors located in our muscles and joints send signals to the brain via our nervous system to inform it of the changes That we bring to our position. This triggers a series of reactions that help us keep our balance.
For our balance to be good, the information sent by our eyes, the vestibular system and our muscles and joints must be the same. Otherwise, nothing goes! The brain no longer knows who to believe and symptoms of dizziness or dizziness appear.
But what to do when this happens? Of course, one must first do not worry and rest. Sharp movements should be avoided, as should activities such as driving and various sports, especially swimming, as disorientation in water can be dangerous. In some cases, a visit to your doctor is recommended, especially if the dizziness is severe and persistent, and if accompanied by other symptoms such as hearing loss, ringing in the ears, limb numbness or Face, difficulty speaking, vision disorder, fever or any other significant condition appearing at the same time. Your doctor will also be able to ensure that no medicine you take participates in the symptoms.
In cases where vertigo is not accompanied by other significant symptoms or if the medical evaluation does not show any abnormality, a visit to a chiropractor is appropriate. Indeed, in the majority of people, balance disorders are due to the following two types of vertigo, where the chiropractor can intervene:

Benign positional vertigo

These vertigo appear during certain movements of the head, for example towards the rear or in rotation. They are possibly caused by aging or trauma. Different hypotheses tend to explain their appearance. The most frequently used is that of degenerative debris or crystals that would end up in free circulation in the ear fluid, causing abnormal pressure and / or erroneous stimulation of the structures responsible for the balance. This is the most common cause of dizziness. A provocative maneuver makes it possible to identify it and two forms of treatment can then be considered. First, there are the repositioning maneuvers of the crystals. In some positions, the head is moved slowly and slowly to move the crystals to the right places in the ear. Many chiropractors know and practice this method: get informed! Second, some habituation exercises can be performed. In fact, they are movements that you repeat, always in a gentle and gradual way, in order to get your body to move without any dizziness. By dint of repeating the same movements, the vertiginous response becomes fatigued and diminishes. It is also suggested in the case of these dizziness to raise the pillow so that the head is not too horizontal and to avoid the rear movements of the head.

Cervicogenic vertigo

These dizziness appear by holding head positions for a while. Sometimes they are associated with neck pain and headaches. They are frequently present as a result of an accident with “whiplash”. Their cause would be inappropriate stimulation or deterioration of structures located at the joints of the cervical spine, which are responsible for transmitting information about the position of our head in space. The erroneous information thus sent would trigger symptoms of imbalance. Some muscles too tight (or too relaxed) can also transmit bad signals. For example, if one of the muscles in the front of your neck is very contracted and tense in the normal state, then it should be only when you bend your head forward, the brain will understand that this movement Is being carried out even if it is false! The chiropractor will be able to determine, through certain tests, the mobility of your cervical spine and the condition of your musculature. He can tell you if your dizziness can be caused by this condition. If this is the case, muscle work and spinal manipulations will restore normal movement and thereby reduce false signals and dizzy symptoms.
Do not hesitate to contact a chiropractor for more information about dizziness and lightheadedness. He will then tell you if he can help you or if a medical visit is more appropriate. After all, it depends on your well-being!
Labyrinthitis: It is caused by a bacterial or viral infection. In cases of bacterial infection, dizziness is sometimes accompanied by loss of hearing. Symptoms appear suddenly and can last from one to several weeks. Labyrinthitis is sometimes accompanied by fever and sore throat.

Ménières’s disease

Seizures of vertigo occur suddenly and are recurrent. Normally there are three main symptoms: dizziness, ear hum and deafness (especially at low frequencies). Dizziness last from a few hours to a day and is caused by hyperproduction or lack of resorption of the ear fluid involved in the mechanisms of balance. Their appearance may follow head trauma or infection. Usually the disease progresses with decreased vertigo and increased deafness.
Several other causes are possible, but more rarely: tumors, cardiovascular disorders, fractures, certain drugs, hypoglycemia, anxiety, etc.
Do not hesitate to contact a chiropractor for more information about dizziness and lightheadedness. He will then tell you if he can help you or if a medical visit is more appropriate. After all, it depends on your well-being!