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Sportive Lumbar Sprain

Description

  • Diagnosis given most frequently for sudden lumbar pain that may be accompanied by a cracking or tearing sensation. It is actually the famous “kidney tower” which is often used in everyday language.
  • It is caused by a sprain or microscopic tears in the muscles and / or ligaments of the back, following sudden or repeated stretching.
  • Muscles are the first line of defense to protect the back, so they are often the first to be involved.
  • The ligaments of this region have an important role in maintaining the stability of the column.
  • It may have inflammation in the area as well as muscle spasms.
  • May be manifested by stiffness in the lower back or by intense lumbar pain that can radiate to the buttocks, thighs and legs.

Causes

  • Muscular and / or ligamentary stretches.
  • Muscular contraction during uncontrolled movement
  • Direct trauma to the back (contusion or breakdown)
  • Fall with or without protection
  • Intense sudden and / or repeated intensity
  • Poor prolonged posture
  • Overuse
  • Often a history of lumbar pain
  • Underlying conditions affecting the back (eg spondylolysis)
  • Back surgeries in the past.

Treatment

  • Ice (20 minutes / 2 hours), rest.
  • Complementary therapies such as neurocryotherapy and kinesio taping.
  • Muscle therapy (Active Release Techniques and Graston)
  • Vertebral manipulations
  • Anti-inflammatories, analgesics and muscle relaxants as needed.
  • Lumbar support for a short period if needed
  • Cortisone injections as needed
  • Surgery as needed to stabilize the region

Prognosis

  • If it is a minor muscle sprain, uncomplicated, 2 to 3 days of rest and ice may be sufficient to relieve the symptoms.
  • If the pain persists, possibility of involvement ligamentary, articular or more serious problems. A major muscle sprain may last at least 6 weeks and have sequelae if not treated promptly and adequately.
  • In both cases, the cause of the sprain must be determined in order to avoid recurrences and vertebral degeneration processes associated with structural imbalance.

WARNING ! If you develop numbness or weakness in the lower limbs or incontinence problems, consult your doctor immediately.

Recommendations

Keep your posture as appropriate as possible to minimize stress and tension on your spine.

Sleep Positions

  • Sleep on a firm mattress.
  • Put a pillow between your knees when you are on the side or under the knees when you are on the back.

Good sitting posture

  • Sit right.
  • Use a lumbar roller, cushion or pillow.
  • Roll back the buttocks to the back of the chair.

Techniques for lifting loads

  • Bend the knees and keep the back straight, while tucking your navel inside.
  • Use a step board for objects that need to be placed or removed in height.
  • Put yourself in two for heavy loads and difficult to move.