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Tennis Elbow

tennis_elbow

Description

  • Lateral epicondylitis is the most common injury to the elbow. It affects many participants in racket sports, whether amateur or professional.
  • This wound also occurs during repetitive movements involving the wrist, whether at work or during daily activities.
  • As a result of overwork, inflammation occurs where the muscles and tendons attach to the elbow. The muscles and tendons involved are those that allow the extension of the wrist and fingers.
  • Without appropriate treatment, this condition can develop into a chronic and recurring problem. The presence of partial degeneration or tear of the tendon is possible.

Causes

  • Repetitive stress and chronic injuries involving the muscles and tendons of the forearm
  • Weakness and imbalance of the musculature
  • Abuse of exercise (“too much effort, too early” syndrome)
  • Equipment not adapted
  • Bad technique

Treatments

  • Modification of activities that are associated with condition
  • Decreased inflammation with ice (20 minutes / 2 hours) and complementary therapies including neurocryotherapy
  • Articular manipulations and soft tissue work (Active Release Techniques and Graston) to correct the biomechanics of the elbow and reduce the scar tissue
  • Stretching exercises
  • Exercises to strengthen and stabilize the elbow
  • Drugs (anti-inflammatory) as needed
  • Orthopedic appliance and kinesio taping to reduce pressure on the damaged tendon.
  • Cortisone injections as needed
  • Very rare surgical interventions
  • Plasma-rich plasma

Prognosis

  • Acute condition, for which the symptoms have been present for less than 4 weeks, is treated in 2 to 6 weeks.
  • Chronic condition, for which symptoms have been present for more than 8 weeks, may require 3-6 months.