Tennis elbow

Coude de tennis

Qu’est-ce l’épicondylite latérale (coude de tennis) ?

  • L’épicondylite latérale est la blessure la plus fréquente du coude. Elle touche beaucoup de participants aux sports de raquette, qu’ils soient amateurs ou professionnels.
  • This injury also occurs during repetitive movements involving the wrist, whether at work or during daily activities.
  • As a result of overexertion, inflammation occurs where muscles and tendons attach to the elbow. The muscles and tendons involved are those that allow the wrist and fingers to extend.
  • Without proper treatment, this condition can develop into a chronic and recurring problem. Degeneration or partial tearing of the tendon is possible.

Quelles sont les causes de l’épicondylite latérale (coude de tennis) ?

  • Repetitive stress and chronic injuries involving the muscles and tendons of the forearm
  • Weakness and imbalance of the musculature
  • Exercise abuse ("too much, too soon" syndrome)
  • Unsuitable equipment
  • Bad technique

Quels sont les traitements de l’épicondylite latérale (coude de tennis) ?

  • Change in activities associated with the condition
  • Decrease inflammation with the help of ice (20 minutes / 2 hours) and complementary therapies including neurocryotherapy.
  • Joint manipulations and soft tissue work (Active Release Techniques and Graston) to correct the biomechanics of the elbow and reduce scar tissue.
  • Stretching exercises
  • Exercises to strengthen and stabilize the elbow
  • Medication (anti-inflammatory) as needed
  • Orthopedic apparatus and kinesiology taping to reduce pressure on the damaged tendon.
  • Cortisone injections as needed
  • Very rare surgical procedures
  • Platelet rich plasma

Prognosis

  • An acute condition, where symptoms have been present for less than 4 weeks, is treated in 2 to 6 weeks.
  • Chronic condition, for which symptoms have been present for more than 8 weeks, may require 3 to 6 months.