complexe de subluxation vertebrale

The vertebral subluxation complex: explanation, causes, and treatments


What is vertebral subluxation?


The vertebral subluxation complex (CSV) is both a biomechanical and neurological dysfunction of a spinal joint.

It results in abnormal joint mobility and a distortion of the nerve signals exchanged between the body and the brain. All this results in a reduced capacity of the body to regulate, harmonize, adapt and heal itself.

In fact, each vertebra has a movement to make and certain factors can cause it to no longer perform its functions in an optimal manner. 

VSC is a term used by chiropractors to describe the different ways in which spinal misalignments can cause health problems. 

This can include pain, inflammation and reduced function. 

Although chiropractors have been treating VSC for over 100 years, there is still much that experts don't know about it. 

In this article, we will discuss what we know about VSC and how chiropractic care can help treat it.

Your chiropractor is a guarantee of your health and will allow you to recover your movements.

Chiropractors are experts in correcting these misalignments and restoring proper function to the spine and body. 


The causes of vertebral subluxation complex


There are several causes that can lead to a vertebral subluxation complex. Most of the time, it will be a matter of stress.

In fact, each stressor has the potential to create a subluxationand the subluxation itself is a stressor.

The cause of stress can be divided into three types:


Otherwise, other factors can lead to spinal subluxation, such as:


For your information, macrotrauma represents physical injuries resulting from an accident, fall, birth process or sports impact.

As for microtraumas, they are the result of more insidious injuries resulting from bad postural habits, a sedentary lifestyle or repeated movements.


Consequences of a vertebral subluxation


If the cause(s) of the vertebral subluxation persist, the body will not be able to adequately repair the tissue. 

The inflammatory process can then become chronic and cause fibrosis of the joint, i.e. abnormal healing of the tissues. All joint structures, including the intervertebral disc, can then be damaged.

Furthermore, the effects do not stop at the spine. The neurological aspect of vertebral subluxation is of paramount importance and the most recent chiropractic research is particularly interested in it.

If left untreated, vertebral subluxation can lead to more serious problems such as paralysis. 

Vertebral subluxation is treated by aligning the vertebrae and relieving pressure on the nerves. This can be done by manual manipulation, traction or surgery. 

Vertebral subluxation can also be prevented by chiropractic care or other measures to keep the spine healthy.

Technology now offers powerful and reliable tools to researchers, who are beginning to understand the extent of the adverse effects of vertebral subluxation on nerve function.

A New Zealand research center studies how vertebral subluxation affects communication between the body and the brain and highlights its impact on nervous system functions.

The biomechanical dysfunction associated with the subluxation (mobility disorder, inflammation, scarring, muscle stretching or contraction, etc.) affects the nervous system by interfering with the signals sent to the brain.

All forms of subluxations reduce the body's innate ability to express life and function. 

Our lifestyle, environment, diet, toxins, genetic makeup and even our attitude also influence our health and well-being.


Symptoms of intervertebral dysfunction


One of the most important symptoms of VSC is pain and stiffness. Otherwise, headaches and back pain may be experienced.

In addition, VSC can cause numbness and weakness in the arms or legs. 

It can also make travel difficult. 

However, some symptoms resulting from nervous system interference may seem completely independent of the spine, for example:


It can therefore be pain, but also other consequences related to the nervous system.


Actions to take when you have a CSV


A psychological work


Since one of the main causes of vertebral subluxation complexes is stress, it will be important to work both psychologically and physically.

Adopting a healthy lifestyle is the key to limiting the various stresses that cause spinal subluxation. 

Diet, exercise, rest, thoughts, relationships and the environment are all areas of life that we can learn to improve a little each day. 

Unfortunately, it is impossible to eliminate all stress from our lives. 

While the chiropractor can advise you on healthy habits to reduce the 3 types of stress, the chiropractor plays a unique role in the treatment of vertebral subluxations.




Chiropractic adjustment is the only known way to completely eliminate vertebral subluxations. 

This is a low amplitude, high velocity (very fast) joint manipulation that restores normal movement to the spinal joint.

The most recent research indicates an instantaneous improvement in the quality of nerve signals relayed by the mechanoreceptors and nociceptors to the brain. 

The chiropractic adjustment acts simultaneously on the biomechanical and neurological components of the vertebral subluxation.

Chiropractors are the only health care professionals trained to detect and eliminate vertebral subluxations. 

The doctor of chiropractic detects and eliminates subluxations through musculoskeletal adjustments, thus restoring communication between the brain and the body. 

Their treatments give the nervous system the opportunity to maintain its balance and thus heal itself in order to better adapt to unavoidable stresses.


Treatments of vertebral subluxation by a chiropractor


Chiropractors are experts in spinal manipulation. Spinal manipulations help restore mobility to the joint.

With the help of chiropractic manipulation and favorable conditions for your spine, we can see a noticeable improvement in 14 days and remission in 4 to 5 weeks. 

In chiropractic, we will work on soft tissues (Active Release Techniques and Graston), stretching of the involved musculature and strengthening of the musculature with or without ultrasound.

On the other hand, if one waits several weeks before starting treatment, it may take longer and the patient may retain sequelae such as :


Ice, rest and complementary therapies including neuro-cryotherapy and kinesio-tapping are always appropriate to reduce intense pain.

However, anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants and painkillers may provide some relief, but do not address the basic problem in the joint. 

In the long run this procedure is totally ineffective and potentially harmful.


The role of the chiropractor


The primary role of the chiropractor is not to treat the disease or symptoms, but to improve the functioning of your nervous system, allowing your entire body to function as well as possible. 

Therefore, optimizing the function of the nervous system will allow the body to heal many ailments.

A growing number of athletes are using chiropractic care as part of their training for injury recovery, prevention and optimal performance. 

In fact, many people who are not obviously ill or in pain are surprised to feel even better after chiropractic adjustments.

Since VSCs affect the vertebrae as well as an important part of the nervous system, chiropractic treatment of these vertebrae can have implications for the muscles and organs that are innervated by the nerves at the level affected by the VSC, in addition to the relief of pain and stiffness.

Chiropractors are experts in correcting these misalignments and restoring proper function to the spine and body. 

If you have any of the above symptoms, you may be suffering from VSC and need to see a chiropractor.

A chiropractic examination will verify if you have musculoskeletal disorders.

Your chiropractor will help you improve your range of motion, helping your body stay healthy!

Think you have a vertebral subluxation complex?


Make an appointment now and have your back checked by your chiropractor at Chiro Ste-Rose!


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